Teaching Principles

According to the CDC (2004), schools and teachers need to exercise their professional autonomy to develop a school-based curriculum which is based on (pp.7):


1. the central curriculum framework, and

2. the schools’ strengths and pupils’ learning needs, abilities and orientations.


School-based curriculum development involves the collaboration among all stakeholders in the process of designing, implementing and continuously improving learning, teaching and assessment, in line with both central policies and the needs of the schools and the learners (CDC, 2004).



1. As stated clearly in the CDC (P.11), the overall aims of the English Language Education curriculum are:


i. to provide every learner of a second language with further opportunities for extending their knowledge and experience of the cultures of other people as well as opportunities for personal and intellectual development, further studies, pleasure and work in the English medium; and


ii. to enable every learner to prepare for the changing socio-economic demands resulting from advances in information technology; these demands include the interpretation, use and production of materials for pleasure, study and work in the English medium.


2. The four skills, reading, speaking, listening and writing, are linked and taught in relation to each other in order to enable students to acquire the English Language knowledge more effectively.


3. To develop an ever-improving capability to use English:


i. to think and communicate


ii. to acquire, develop and apply knowledge


iii. to respond and give expression to experience


And within these contexts, to develop and apply an ever-increasing understanding of how language is organized, used and learned.


So far as grammar is concerned, attention should be paid to both the forms and the functions of the language.


4. The dimension targets are also supported by three interrelated Strands :

            i. Interpersonal Strand

            ii. Knowledge Strand

            iii. Experience Strand


1. To enable students to acquire the English Language knowledge more easily and effectively as the four skills, listening, speaking, reading and writing, are linked and taught in relation to each other.

2. To help students to develop an ever-improving capability to use English.

3. To increase students’ interest, initiative and confidence in learning and using English.

4. To enable every student with lifelong skills and a foundation in English literacy to prepare the changing socioeconomic demands.

5. To develop teachers’ professionalism in providing high quality teaching in English.